How To Write An Abstract for A Scientific Paper or Conference

An abstract is a smaller version of a larger piece of work. It is a self-contained, powerful and short statement of the work. An abstract may be of any field- science, humanities or lifestyle. There is a strong need to develop an abstract for any work that you present to the outer world.

An abstract is mainly confused with a review but, to be very honest it is not a review or summary of the work that is being abstracted. In this article, we will tell you all the How To Write An Abstract.

How To Write An Abstract

Need of An Abstract

An abstract may be written for a variety of reasons. The two major reasons to write an abstract is selection and indexing.  An abstract allows readers who are interested in larger work to get knowledge about the work. This allows them to decide whether its worth their time or not. In this automated world, many online databases also construct an abstract so that it is easily justifiable.

Types of An Abstract

An abstract can write in two forms- Descriptive and Informative. The type of abstract you will write is solely your discretion.

>1. Descriptive Abstract

A descriptive abstract justifies its name as it provides only the type and, matter of the work. However, it does not judge the work nor does it provide any conclusion or results obtained in the research.

>2. Informative Abstract

An informative abstract does more than just describing the work. It includes keywords, results and all the necessary outliners for the work. Most of the abstracts these days are informative.

Writing an Abstract

The type of the abstract will depend upon the work abstracted. The abstract of a science research will not contain the components of a literature abstract, and vice-versa. However, all the abstracts contain some of the mandatory components which we shall discuss in this section.

>1. Purpose For Writing The Abstract

At the onset identify the main reason for your abstract. Try to question why a reader will be interested to read your research Then try to start the abstract in a descriptive and lucrative manner that will attract more readers.

>2. Identify The Problem

Secondly, make a clear vision of what problem does your work counters. Always have a strong vision of the problem your work will solve and your thesis will benefit society.

>3. Describe The Methodology

Afterwards, explain the methods and clauses used for solving the problem. A scientific work may use models and samples for the work. On the contrary, a literature thesis may contain old scripts and, clauses.

>4. Explain The Results

An abstract should contain the results of the work in a very efficient manner. A scientific abstract may have results that the experiment proves. Then the abstracts of other works may contain the results in a very general form.

>5. Implications And Conclusion

Lastly, an abstract concludes by presenting the summary of your work. You may write how your work shows a result that is beneficial for the subject. The implications of the work done will also include the future perspectives that it contains.


An abstract may get your work to the largest audience you have dreamt of or it may also destroy the fame of a great work. Always try to make your abstract the way a situation demands. Inculcate all the necessary details mentioned in the article and you will see the results.